For Educators: Anti-Apartheid Movement

Activity 3: King and Mandela: Leaders in the Struggle and Resistance to Racial Discrimination

Introduction

Documents Needed:

Long Walk to Freedom: Autobiography of Nelson Mandela. 1995. Chapter 11: Freedom
The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr., edited by Clayborne Carson. Chapter 8: The Violence of Desperate Men, and Chapter 20: March on Washington

Materials Needed:

Implementation

Compare and Contrast Reading Activity:
Read with your students, the excerpts from the autobiographies of King and Mandela.

Following the readings, distribute to each student a copy of the worksheet. Using the worksheet as a guide, ask the students to list comparisons of Blacks’ struggles and resistance to racial discrimination in South Africa and the United States.

Group Discussion Question:
Nelson Mandela used his time in prison to imagine what life could be like in South Africa after apartheid had been abolished. He envisioned a peaceful, egalitarian society and reconciliation between the races. Ask the students to consider the extent to which Mandela's vision in South Africa and King’s vision in the United States exist today?

Teacher Tip

Extended Activity: Role Playing

In 1992, Mandela was honored with a Nobel Peace Prize. Ask the students to do a reenactment of Mr. Mandela receiving the Nobel Peace Prize. Their task is to prepare a speech to introduce Mr. Mandela by not only telling the story of his life, but also why he deserves such an honor.

Allow the students to be creative in their presentation using PowerPoint presentations, Spoken Word and poetry, storytelling or through song and music. Share with the students the following web sites for reference in preparing their presentations.

additional information and links.