For Educators: Anti-Apartheid Movement

Unit Resources

Avoice Exhibit

Visit the Avoice exhibit on the Anti-Apartheid Movement.


Anti-Apartheid Movement Timeline


Clark, Nancy L. South Africa: The Rise and Fall of Apartheid. Pearson Education Publishing: Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2004.

Connolly, Sean. Apartheid in South Africa (Troubled World). Heinemann: Chicago, 2001.

Downing, David. Apartheid in South Africa (Witness to History). Heinemann: Chicago, 2004.

Mandela, Nelson. Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela. Little, Brown, and Company: Boston, MA, 1995.

Martin, Michael J. Apartheid in South Africa. Gale Publishing: Florence, KY, 2006.

Mathabane, Mark. Kaffir Boy: The True Story of a Black Youth’s Coming of Age in Apartheid South Africa. Simon and Schuster Publishing: New York, NY, 1998.

Mayer, Robert. When the Children Marched: The Birmingham Civil Rights Movement. Enslow Publishers: Berkeley Heights, NJ, 2008.

Naidoo, Beverly. Out of Bounds: Seven Stories of Conflict and Hope. HarperCollins Publishers: New York, NY, 2003.

Rochelle, Belinda. Witnesses to Freedom: Young People Who Fought for Civil Rights. Lodestar Books: 1993.

Schermbrucker, Reviva. Lucky Fish. Jacana Media: Johannesburg, South Africa, 2005.

Web Resources

Avoice: African American Voice in Congress

CIA World Fact Book

Congressional Black Caucus (CBC)

Congressional Black Caucus Foundation (CBCF)

History of Education in South Africa: Soweto Uprising, June 16, 1976

South African History Online

U.S. State Department – Background Notes

Film Resources

Mighty Times: The Children's March. 2004 (40 minutes). HBO Family Movie.
This film tells the story of the over 1000 children who in 1963 marched in Birmingham, Alabama, one of the most racially divided cities in the US, for civil rights. The three day protest became known as the Children's Crusade.

Sarafina. 1992 (117 minutes). Buena Vista Home Entertainment.
This film tells the story about the struggle of South African school children for survival and freedom against apartheid.

additional information and links.